Shakerne var en amerikansk religiøs sekt, der levede i en fuldkommen og selvgjort verden. De overførte deres principper om renhed og enkelhed til deres praktiske liv i både arkitektur og brugskunst og de designede og producerede selv alt, hvad de havde brug for. Deres håndværk og arkitektur var enestående - deres livsfilosofi var enkelhed og renhed både i den åndelige og materielle verden.

Shaker sekten blev startet af englænderen Ann Lee. Sekten levede i cølibat og fik nye medlemmer ved tilgang udefra og ved adoption. Sekten begyndte at gå i opløsning, da der kom sociale og økonomiske reformer, som gjorde det mindre attraktivt at tilslutte sig det trygge religiøse fællesskab. Shaker sekten fungerede fra ca. 1780 til ca. 1990, men møblerne produceres stadig på de gamle værksteder, som ligger i landsbyerne, som i dag er indrettet til museer. 

Shaker Workshops genoptog og samlede produktionen af Shaker møbler og accessories i 1970. Shaker Workshops organiserer og formidler møbler fra de forskellige værksteder, som ligger i museums landsbyerne. Alle værksteder er de oprindelige arbejdende værksteder og de arbejder efter de originale tegninger og metoder. Shaker Workshops støtter museerne økonomisk.

Shakernes design er over 250 år gammelt og det har overlevet i alle disse år fordi det er unikt i proportionering og udførelse. Shakernes design har gennem tiden inspireret danske møbelarkitekter til at designe nogle af de mest kendte danske møbelklassikere, blandt andet: Børge Mogensens FDB stol, Kaare Klints kirkestol, Nanna Ditzels høje barnestol og Hans J. Wegners gyngestol med tilhørende skammel.

 

History from ShakerWorkshops homepage

Who Are the Shakers?

The Shakers are a small Protestant religious denomination founded in Manchester, England in the mid-1700’s as a dissident group of the Society of Friends (Quakers). Derisively called “Shaking Quakers” because their meetings included both singing and dancing, they were joined by a young woman, Ann Lees [later shortened to “Lee”] (b. 1736 – d. 1784), who was, according to those who knew her, at times “filled with visions and revelations of God.” The “light and power of God” revealed in Ann caused her fellow believers to acknowledge her as the “first spiritual Mother in Christ” and to give her the title of “Mother” Ann. However, the Shakers’ manner of worship stirred up “rage and enmity” and the Shakers decided for their own safety to leave England.

The first group of Shakers, five men and three women led by Mother Ann Lee, arrived in America from England in August 1774. Within a few years, they had settled at Watervliet, New York, a tiny hamlet near Albany. After the American Revolution, many people were converted to the new faith and nine Shaker communities were founded in New York state and throughout New England. In the early 1800’s, the movement spread west into Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. By 1824, the Shakers had 19 self-sufficient communities from Maine to Indiana. Each community was a “society” and as a group they called themselves the United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing. At their peak in the mid-19th century, they were the largest and most successful utopian group in existence. Today, one Shaker community remains-at Sabbathday Lake, Maine.

The essential principles of the Shaker faith, as it developed in America, include celibacy, equality of the sexes, community of goods, oral confession of sin (to Shaker Elders and Eldresses), pacifism, and withdrawal into their own communities from the “World” (their term for all non-believers). The Shakers accept that Mother Ann Lee’s revelations have led them into the Millennium foretold in the New Testament (Revelation 20: 1-6). Since 1821, all Shaker communities have lived under the “Orders and Rules of the Church,” known also as the “Millennial Laws”. The Orders, as modified in January 1938, are still in force within the United Society today (2010).

Read more on Shakerworkshops.com

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